Day 1 :
- Food & Beverages
Odissa University of Agriculture and Technology, India
Gourab Samanta has completed his BVSc and AH from Jabalpur Veterinary University, India. After qualifying ICAR, he is pursuing his MVSc in Poultry Science from Odissa University of Agriculture and Technology. He has published four papers in reputed journals.
Galiwango Henry is in the final stages of completing his Master’s degree at Makerere University. He finished his first degree in Agriculture Education at Makerere University. He has been a Tutor in School of Education at Makerere and Bugema Universities (both in Uganda). His research area is basically gender, agriculture and food security.
Globally, women greatly contribute to the food-security of their households through their role in growing food-crops and marketing those crops to raise income for purchasing food products, not grown besides being very crucial in ensuring household dietary diversity, by selecting what foods to serve depending on availability. But, their low access to and control over resources in the household reduces their influence over household decisions regarding agricultural production. Little is known as to whether this state affects their ability to ensure food security of their households. The study sought to determine the association between the extent of women’s participation in agriculture decision-making and household food-security in Luwero district, Central Uganda using a descriptive cross sectional survey design on a randomized sample of 135 women from dual-headed farming households in Luwero Sub-county, Luwero district. The women empowerment in agriculture index (WEAI) tool helped to determine the extent of women’s participation as well as the household food insecurity access scale (HFIAS) to determine the food security status of the households. Chi square tests helped determine the association between the extent of women’s participation in agricultural decision-making and household food. Majority of women (62%) had a moderate decision-making position and only 30% had a high decision-making position in agricultural production. However, the Chi-square test conducted revealed a statistically significant association between women’s participation in agriculture decision-making and household food-security (X2=15.230; p=0.004) thus showing the likely contribution of women to food-security if they fully participate in making agricultural decisions.
University Of Vocational Technology,Rathmalana,Sri Lanka
I have completed my bachelors degree at the age of 30 years from University of Vocational Technology and I’m an agriculture extension worker in Coconut Cultivation Board,Sri Lanka.
Central Department of Food Technology, Tribhuvan University, Dharan, Nepal
My name is Kunjal Shrestha currently working in Central Department of Food Technology, Tribhuvan University, Dharan, Nepal
The present study is an attempt to put an insight into a medicinal plant Houttuynia cordata Thunb., which is indigenous to North-East India and China. The plant is used as a medicinal salad for lowering blood sugar level in parts of North-Eastern parts of India. The study provides detail information about the chemical composition and functional properties (total chlorophyll, total polyphenols, total flavonoids, antioxidant activity and anti-glycation activity) of plant before and after processing (dehydration and pressure cooking). The plant parts were subjected to blanching for 2 minutes and its effect on functional properties were determined. As different parts of the lizard plant were processed (drying and pressure cooking) and its effect on functional properties determinded. The total chlorophyll (2.61 mg/g db), total polyphenols (30.72 mg GAE/g db) and total flavonoids (12.91 mg/g db) content of fresh gande in 80% acetone extract and 80% ethanol extract determined spectrophotometrically lowered significantly (p<0.05) after blanching. The dehydrated leaves showed highest retention in chlorophyll content followed byalkaline blanched samples. The effect of processing on antioxidant and anti-glycation activity of plant extract was compared with fresh plant parts extract. DPPH radical scavenging activity or IC50 value of fresh leaves extract was 285.69 µg/ml, followed by rhizomes (309 µg/ml) and stem (367.87 µg/ml). Similarly, the fluorescence value of glycated material showed highest inhibition to glycation by fresh leaves extract (93.82%). Processing conditions significantly (p<0.05) decreased the activity i.e. higher concentration was required for 50% inhibition and lower inhibition for glycation. The study showed that total polyphenol and the flavonoid content of HC were the highest in controlled sample. The results imply that these plants are potential sources of natural antioxidants which have free radical scavenging activity and might be used for reducing oxidative stress in diabetes.